The act of birth, namely "birth pains", is a process that results in the separation of the baby, who is ready to live in the external environment, from the mother's body. The beginning of this process is determined by the appearance of regular uterine contractions, and the end is determined by the birth of the baby, the expulsion of the placenta and other pregnancy-related structures, that is, the evacuation of the uterus.
Normal birth generally means vaginal birth. 96% of vaginal deliveries occur as head presentation and the rest as breech delivery. This page describes the details of head presentation and birth.
Preparing the body of the expectant mother for labor:In order for the birth to be successful, many preparations are made in the body of the expectant mother during the pre-conception period. These preparations start from the moment pregnancy begins: From the moment pregnancy is perceived in the body, the contractions of the uterus, which is always ready for contraction functionally, begin to be kept under pressure. This suppression continues until the baby's maturation process is completed. In the later stages of pregnancy, when the pressure on the uterus begins to decrease, contractions that are short-lived, usually not painful, and rare occur. These contractions, called Braxton-Hicks contractions, are also felt by the expectant mother. Their purpose is to prepare the cervix for labor.